Total hip replacement implants represent permanent implants and require large bone and cartilage removal during implantation. Revision would affect joint capability to sustain load, which makes this procedure irreversible. During exploitation, i.e. everyday activities, implants are subjected to dynamic loading. Thereby, these structures are prone to failure by fatigue. Highest stress states on total hip replacement implants are present in the neck area of the implant, which is a position of crack initiation. Under loading the implant neck exhibits tension and compression zones. Crack initiation in the neck side under tension would lead to crack opening and certain fracture. Implants are examined by experimental and numerical methods. The most common numerical method is finite element method (FEM) used to simulate different loading conditions. In this paper numerical analysis of stress distribution in the neck area is performed on a specific implant. Four numerical models are created in order to show how certain design solutions influence the stress distribution in the neck area.
Keywords: total hip replacement implant, Co-Cr alloy, stress distribution, finite element method, fatigue crack